The Himalayan mountain range is a series of mountain ranges that stretch across much of southern Asia. The range includes the world’s tallest mountains, including Mount Everest. The Himalayas are home to some of the world’s most iconic animals, including the snow leopard and the red panda. The Himalayan mountain range has a complex geological history. The range is thought to have formed when the Indian subcontinent collided with the Eurasian continent about 50 million years ago.
This collision caused the land to buckle and lift, creating the massive mountain range. The Himalayas continue to grow about 0.4 inches (1 centimeter) each year as the two land masses continue to collide. The Himalayan mountain range is home to ten of the world’s fourteen tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world. The Himalayas are also home to many of the world’s largest glaciers, including the Siachen Glacier, the largest glacier in the world.